Irregular Verbs

What is an Irregular Verb?

English regular verbs add -ed (or -d if the end with the letter ‘e’) to form the past tense and past participle.

English has a lot of irregular verbs, which don’t follow this pattern. Some don’t change at all, others change completely, or change letters in the middle.

Unfortunately for English students, there are a lot and they include many of the commonest verbs. Please see below, 50 of the most popular English Irregular verbs:

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle Third Person (Singular) Present Participle
be was / were been is being
become became become becomes becoming
begin began begun begins beginning
bring brought brought brings bringing
buy bought bought buys buying
choose chose chosen chooses choosing
come came come comes coming
do did done does doing
drink drank drunk drinks drinking
drive drove driven drives driving
eat ate eaten eats eaten
fall fell fallen falls falling
feel felt felt feels feeling
find found found finds finding
fly flew flown flies flying
forget forgot forgotten forgets forgetting
get got got gets getting
give gave given gives giving
go went gone goes going
have had had has having
hear heard heard hears hearing
keep kept kept keeps keeping
know knew known knows knowing
leave left left leaves leaving
lend lent lent lends lending
let let let lets letting
lose lost lost loses losing
make made made makes making
meet met met meets meeting
pay paid paid pays paying
put put put puts putting
read read (pronounced /red/) Read (pronounced /red/) reads reading
run ran run runs running
say said said says saying
see saw seen sees seeing
sell sold sold sells selling
send sent sent sends sending
sing sang sung sings singing
sit sat sat sits sitting
sleep slept slept sleeps sleeping
speak spoke spoken speaks speaking
stand stood stood stands standing
swim swam swum swims swimming
take took taken takes taking
teach taught taught teaches teaching
tell told told tells telling
think thought thought thinks thinking
understand understood understood understands understanding
wear wore worn wears wearing
write wrote written writes writing


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